The first most common new year resolution everyone set is usually about his or her career. Everyone hopes and wants to do better in a new year compare to the previous – to get promote, to close bigger clients, to grow your brand further, and to double or triple your income.
And I bet the second most common goal of many is to improve their health or to lose fat. In fact, these are simple goals to describe but difficult feats to pull off for many.
We all know in order to lose weight, we should take a closer look and better control on our diet- eat less, eat more greens, less processed foods, more fruits, fewer desserts – alright, you don’t need me to repeat these. It’s clear that we all know what to do, but…
How to do it? Making it simpler? Making it easier? And making it more effective?
I skip breakfast and eat only 2 meals and 1 small snack between my meals each day. I have my first meal at around 1:00 pm, which is my lunch, then a green juice (vegetables and fruits blended juice) at 5:00 pm and finally the second/last meal at around 8:00 pm. Then I fast for 16 hours to 1:00 pm in the next day.
You may be wondering, isn’t it bad to skip breakfast?
I used to think so too. However, I have been doing this for over two years. This is one method of many types of intermittent fasting. Science and research have shown that routinely fasting actually promote fat loss, strengthen cognitive functions, and prolong life span.
To understand how intermittent fasting works, you need to understand the difference between fed state and fasted state.
Our body is at fed state when we’re eating and absorbing foods. In most cases, fed state start from the time we eat (or short period of time later depend on the portion) till 3 to 4 hours after we stop eating while we’re still digesting and absorbing the foods we just ate.
It’s very hard for our body to burn fat during the fed state because while we’re eating and absorbing foods, the insulin level in our bodies are high.
In another hand, fasted state occurs a few hours later after our last meal when the foods in our digestive system are completely digested and absorbed. During the fasted state, our blood sugar is low and so our insulin level. Burning fat becomes much easier when with the absence of insulin in our bloodstream.
The best part of intermittent fasting is that it makes the day simpler. By skipping a meal, you will have a less decision to make and less thing to do. I had written a beginner’s guide about intermittent fast about a year ago, feel free to read it here if you like to explore more.
The Delboeuf illusion has long been known to cause us to misjudge the size of identical circles when they are surrounded by larger circles of varying sizes. The more “white space” around the circle, the smaller it appears.
Research done by Professors Brian Wansink and Koert van Ittersum explored how a well established optical illusion leads us to make inaccurate estimates of serving size, depending on what size plate they are presented on.
For example, a research conducted in a fitness camp, campers who were given a larger bowl tend to consume 16% more cereal than other campers who had a smaller bowl. However, campers with larger bowls perceive they consumed 7% less cereal than other campers, despite the fact that they were eating more.
What can we do to combat this powerful effect? Simply aware of the effects of the Delboeuf illusion may not be enough to overcome it.
The best solution to change our eating behavior is to design our environment by replacing the plates and bowls we’re using. We can take advantage of this visual “trick” by manipulating the plates we use to serve various foods. Healthy foods such as fresh vegetables and fruits should be served in larger plates to encourage consumption, while less healthy foods should be served on smaller plates to trick ourselves into feeling satisfied with less.
By using a smaller plate, we trick ourselves that we have enough which helps us to break the habit of overeating. At the same time, it will also help you to reduce a significant amount of food wastage since you will never make or serve more food than you can finish.
In the habit guide, I illustrated that habits form in a loop called the habit formation cycle. It started with a trigger, then the routine – any good or bad habit – and finally the reward.
Most rewards for unhealthy eating pattern such as overeating and poor food choice are heavily tied to the satisfaction on our taste buds. We love the taste and we crave it, and that’s why we keep repeating the habit loop of the bad eating pattern.
But wait a minute? What is the trigger here?
The best way to break a bad habit is by substitute a new routine to the habit loop. However, it’s hard for us to switch from eating chips and crackers to healthy salads and green juice. The alternative solution to break the habit loop is by reducing our exposure to the triggers. And the most common trigger of the bad eating pattern is the visual of the food. In other words, we usually only crave for unhealthy foods when we see them.
The best solution: make unhealthy invisible and healthy food obvious.
One of the core factor most people failed to lose fat is they see it as a one-time event. When you search for fat loss tips online, most articles you see is about how much fat or weight someone loses in a certain period – usually short – of time. Then, everyone is fired up about what this person ate or what program he followed during that period of time to achieve that.
However, losing weight is not a one-time event, it’s not a sprint race. There is no one magical program, solution, food, or supplement that turns everything around – poor eating habits, lack of movement, bad sleeping routine – and helps you lose weight instantly.
Healthy eating habits (lifestyle change) > Fat-loss diet (temporary plan)
When approaching our diet – maybe we should stop calling it diet, instead, our eating plan, we should all aim for a lifestyle change rather than the food choice constraints and diet rules. Define yourself as a healthy person, start adjusting your eating habits and behaviors to achieve optimal physical health for the long run.
What is the best way to achieve this? Change your environment to change your behavior.